Raising NDC Ambition
The success of the NDC process requires an approach to implementation that builds the confidence in the process required for countries to be increasingly ambitious. This approach relies on five connected aspects: implementing national targets; incorporating adaptation into NDC processes; monitoring and assessing progress; raising future ambition;and connecting long-term decarbonization strategies to near- term policies. This initiative will develop and implement a more explicit, systematic, and inter-connected approach for diagnosing problems, designing policies and programs for local conditions, and monitoring progress to inform ongoing improvements. In doing so, it will also advance understanding of NDCs and implementation, support and cultivate new entrants from the analytical community, and integrate analytical communities with broader stakeholder groups and decision structures.
Integrative Land Use
A key strategy for simultaneously addressing mitigation and adaptation goals is planning and incentivizing land use patterns and practices that contribute to both. This initiative will develop an integrated agenda that combines empirical research on carefully selected cases with modeling at multiple scales to support assessments of alternative land-based strategies for mitigation and adaptation. Understanding market and governance-based approaches to balancing the mitigation and adaptation goals requires combining globally integrated economic models (i.e., integrated assessment models - IAMs), which are integrated with Earth system models to understand the interaction between climate and economic drivers on land use and carbon storage, with global-sampled and spatially explicit behavioral models of land use decision making.
Cities and Multilevel Finance
Identifying new approaches to multilevel finance is fundamentally important to enabling the commitments of local officials and ensuring collaboration with the private sector, higher-level governments, and multilateral institutions. Tailored knowledge-sharing among localities - including in the US, UK, China, and India - can complement, and in some cases, fill in gaps in climate implementation efforts at the national level. This initiative will harness the power of existing networks and bring research institutions into the equation to render the best practices of one locality relevant and usable for the unique circumstances of other localities worldwide.
Global Energy Innovation
Advancing Global Energy Innovation establishes a network, research program, and multi-stakeholder engagement process to accelerate the pace of energy technology innovation globally. It links the research, policy, and private sector communities to focus on three key areas, with the goal of identifying key pressure points for policy: (a) energy technology investment in the public and private sectors; (b) systemic return on investment in energy innovation; and (c) new and effective institutional
models for energy innovation.
The security consequences of climate change are emerging as a key issue demanding attention from national and international decision-makers. There is a need for a stronger base of knowledge assessing the security risks posed by climate change, and the linkage of these assessments to policy responses. This initiative will develop an analytical backbone that is consistent and user-friendly, supporting the elevation of climate security risk into dicussions at the highest levels. Case studies of climate security risks in countries, carried out within a common analytical framework, will illustrate possible response pathways available to decision-makers to address risks and minimize impacts.